Responsive Web Design- Definition and Importance
It is an approach to web design that adapts your web content to different screens and window sizes for different devices. It enables many different layouts of your content and designs for different devices based on screen size.
Building Blocks of Responsive Web Design
1- CSS and HTML
The foundation of responsive design is a combination of HTML and CSS, two languages that control the content and layout of any web browser.
2- Media Questions
It is a basic component that allows you to tailor content to suit a variety of factors, such as screen size or resolution.
Media query for desktop, tablet, smartphone
3- Fluid and Flexbox layout
It is an essential part of modern responsive design. You set a constant value for each HTML element in the good old days, like 600 pixels.
Instead, the fluid layout is based on dynamic values such as viewport width percentages. Although the percentage-based layout is fluid, many designers and web developers feel it is not dynamic or flexible. Flexbox is a CSS module designed to be a more efficient way to layout multiple elements, even if the content size in the container is unknown.
4- Responsive images
The most basic iteration of responsive images follows the same concept as fluid layout, using a dynamic unit to control the width or height. The sample CSS code we covered earlier has already done this:
How to make your website responsive
Now that you are well aware of building blocks, it’s time to make your website responsive.
1- Set your media query range (responsive breakpoints)
2- Set your media query range based on the specific needs of your design.
3- Create Layout Elements Size or CSS Grid Layout with Percentage
4- Setting different sizes for layout elements based on media queries or screen breakpoints.
There are many different aspects to responsive web design. However, it is easy to make mistakes without a basic understanding of HTML and CSS.
But by familiarizing yourself with different building blocks, analyzing examples with web development tools, and testing using sample code, you can make your website responsive without any major issues.